Betta temperature range

December 12, 2020
To Deviramma betta Trek

Betta patoti can be housed in pairs, species tanks, and community tanks. Pairs can be housed in a 20 gallon tank, groups should be housed in a 40 gallon tank or larger. Pairs should be given cover such as caves and plants. In a pair or species situation it is possible that fry could be discovered in the tanks. For best results remove a brooding male.

Water Conditions

Not critical, patoti is very tolerant of water chemistry and thrives in almost any type of water as long as it is clean and well filtered. They should be kept at cool to mid 70s F.


Patoti males are more intensely colored then females. Males may also show a series of lateral bands while the female does not. Females ovaries might be visible via spotlighting.


Patoti is a paternal mouthbrooder and the male incubates from 12 to 17 days with 14 days being very consistent. Incubation time can vary with water temperature. Females normally initiate spawning.

Similar Species Similar species would be unimaculata complex members.
Original Citation

Baensch, H.A. and R. Riehl, 1991. [25]
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. [58]
Neugebauer, Norbert, 2002. [136]

Type Locality Balikpapan, Mangar R.; rivulet 25 km east of Balikpapan Bay; Bluu R., Borneo, Indonesia.
Syntype ZMA 112510-13 (1, 1, 2, 3)
Where Found Countries: Indonesia
Miscellaneous Information

Max Size:

10.7 cm TL
pH range: 5.5 - 6.8
dH range: 10.0
Temperature range: 23 - 28°C
General notes on water chemistry:
Reproduction: Both sexes are normally light brown overall changing to medium brown with a lighter stripe from eye to tail and light belly color just before spawning. This stripe appears more pronounced in the female. The spawning ritual takes place just above the bottom of the aquarium with the first few embraces producing no eggs. Should an intruder venture too close, the female ushers him away. The first eggs expelled by the female are the small clear eggs, with the larger white eggs following with subsequent embraces. The male collects the white eggs first and later, the smaller ones. It appears the male is able to differentiate between the two egg types while in his mouth and swallows only the smaller clear eggs. Neither male or female show any signs of active defense after spawning. [136]
Differentiation from similar species: Coloration similar to Betta unimaculata except the male lacks the shiny scales over the eyes. [136]
General notes: Shown to produce two types of eggs similar to B. fusca, et. al. The larger reproductive eggs are white, while the smaller, clear glass-like eggs are thought to be nourishment for the male during mouthbrooding, although this has yet to be proven. [136]
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